DOG DENTISTRY

By The Veterinary Dentist

Dogs have teeth and unless we take good care of them they may lose them

Regularly check your dog's teeth

Cedric Tutt will control your dog’s teeth and give you the best recommendations to take care of them on a long term basis.

If you notice an inflammation, don’t hesitate to call Cedric. 

Cedric will attend to all the necessary treatments, from the tooth removal to the biggest surgery, for the best comfort of your dog’s mouth.

Learn more about dog dentistry

The 6 grades of dental disease

Grade 1
Daily home care

There is no visible plaque or calculus and the gingiva is not inflamed
No professional treatment is required but daily home care, including brushing of the teeth should be performed.

Grade 2
Daily home care

There is visible plaque but no visible calculus. The margin of the gingiva may be inflamed but does not exceed Grade 1 gingivitis.
No professional treatment is required but daily home care, including brushing of the teeth should be performed.

Grade 3
Professional treatment required

There is visible plaque and calculus and the gingiva bleeds when touched (Gingivitis Grade 2).
Professional treatment is required. Your pet will need to be given a general anaesthetic and have a tube placed in the airways to protect them from the fluids and debris generated during the cleaning process. Plaque may not be visible with the naked eye, but will be present and is removed during the polishing process.
Daily dental home care, including brushing of the teeth should be performed.

Grade 4
Professional treatment required

There is visible plaque and calculus, the gums bleed when touched and the gum may have pulled away from the teeth (receded) in places.
Professional treatment is required. Your pet will need to be given a general anaesthetic and have a tube placed in the airways to protect them from the fluids and debris generated during the cleaning process.
Daily dental home care, including brushing of the teeth should be performed.

Grade 5
Professional treatment required

There is substantial generalised plaque and calculus and the gums bleed when touched. The gums have receded in places and there may be bone loss as well. Some teeth may be mobile. Your pet will need to be given a general anaesthetic and have a tube placed in the airways to protect them from the fluids and debris generated during the cleaning process. Some teeth may need to be extracted because of the severity of the periodontitis. Where teeth are extracted, the gums will usually be sutured closed to aid rapid healing.
Daily dental home care, including brushing of the teeth should be performed.

Grade 6
Urgent professional intervention required

There is extensive generalised plaque and calculus and the gums bleed when touched. The gums have receded in places and there is bone loss as well. Numerous teeth are loose. Your pet will need to be given a general anaesthetic and have a tube placed in the airways to protect them from the fluids and debris generated during the cleaning process. Some teeth may need to be extracted because of the severity of the periodontitis. Where teeth are extracted, the gums will usually be sutured closed to aid rapid healing.
Daily dental home care, including brushing of the teeth should be performed.

Oral cancer in dogs

The most common oral cancer in dogs is malignant melanoma. With surgery only, the survival time is 6-9 months, but there is a “vaccine” that can be used  once the primary disease has been surgically treated that will increase the survival time to years. 
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the second most common oral cancer in dogs, and as long as the cancer is in the front part of the mouth and detected early enough, it can be successfully treated surgically. Surgery is often combined with an oral medication to improve survival. SCC further back in the mouth does not respond to conventional therapy. 
Fibrosarcoma is the third most common oral cancer which is also treated surgically but tends to recur. 
Other oral cancers include: neurofibrosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, lymphoma.

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